Hákarl is a national dish of Iceland that not many dare to try. Hákarl consists of Greenland shark cured with a particular fermentation process and hung to dry for four to five months. Such a long preparation can be explained by the fact that Greenland sharks are deprived of the urethra which makes their meat quite inedible. But the Vikings, so as to avoid starvation, found a way to consume the shark. Their recipe has been preserved and followed to this day. However, this is not to say that the dish is something Icelanders eat every day, it’s more of a delicacy. You can also try the “Viking food,” however, I don’t recommend doing it indoors.
The Viking Parliament Althing was founded in 930 at Þingvellir. Today, Alting is the highest legislative body in Iceland and is considered the oldest current parliament in the world.
Iceland has no regular armed forces, and even police officers do not bear firearms. If a citizen of Iceland decides to pursue a military career, they can do so in Norway – a special agreement has been concluded between the countries.
The Icelandic language does not contain loanwords and has been preserved almost unchanged from ancient times.
Icelandic sagas are considered one of the most valuable examples of European medieval literature. The most famous of them are studied at universities around the world: Njáls saga, Gísla saga, The Prose Edda.
Iceland was proclaimed an independent island state on December 1, 1918. Previously, the country had been under the rule of the Norwegian and Danish kingdoms for over a hundred years.